The Cuban National Hero, he constitutes the highest expression of dignity and commitment in achieving the independence of his country. His whole life has become a permanent example. His literary legacy has a complete validity nowadays. He faced the exile with his head up. He founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party and fought for the liberation from the Spanish rule until the last minute of his fruitful and exemplary existence. He was born in Havana and died in Dos Rios, in today’s Granma Province.